Knee pain can affect people of all ages. The condition ranges from sports related injuries, mechanical problems, and various types of arthritis. A knee injury can affect any of the ligaments, tendons or fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that surround your knee joint as well as the bones, cartilage and ligaments that form the joint itself. We often see patient with chronic knee pain that leads to low back pain and vise versa. Some of the more common knee injuries include:
Torn meniscus. The meniscus is made of a tough, rubbery cartilage and acts as a shock absorber between your upper leg and lower leg. It can be torn, or cracked if you suddenly twist your knee while bearing weight on it.
Knee bursitis. Some knee injuries cause inflammation in the bursae, the small sacs of fluid that cushion the outside of your knee joint so that tendons and ligaments glide smoothly over the joint.
Patellar tendinitis. Tendinitis is irritation and inflammation of one or more tendons — the thick, fibrous cords that attach muscles to bones. Runners, skiers and cyclists are prone to develop inflammation in the patellar tendon, which connects the quadriceps muscle on the front of the thigh to the shinbone.
The most common knee condition seen in our office is a condition called chondromalacia patella. Patients will often come in the office and complain of knee pain while using stairs, getting out of a crouch position, or sports related jumping action such as spiking a volleyball.
Depends on the grade (I-IV) of chondromalacia, physical therapy with specific exercises is effective in treating this condition through strengthening the muscles that support your knees, such as your quadriceps, hamstrings and especially the muscles around your lower inner thigh.